Liquefied Natural Gas: a future energy source
Shell made two significant announcements this past week surrounding Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) infrastructure. The company plans to develop two small-scale liquefaction units in North America and will also open its first LNG refuelling station in Canada to its heavy-duty fleet customers in Calgary, AB.
LNG is one of the most viable natural gas solutions for the future of our planet, as it is an affordable and abundant energy source. The process of converting natural gas to LNG involves cooling the natural gas to around -162°C (-260°F) which transforms it into a liquid and shrinks its overall volume. LNG is typically used to transport natural gas to different markets but advancements have presented us with the opportunity to use LNG as a fuel source.
LNG is viewed as a cleaner fuel for multiple reasons – first, the liquefaction process significantly reduces the volume of the natural gas (it’s like shrinking a beach ball to a ping pong ball!), making it easier to transport and store. LNG fuel is also virtually free of sulphur oxide, nitrogen oxide and particulates which aligns with new environmental regulations in both Europe and North America. Lastly, it is a cost saving fuel that reduces engine noise.
Check out this YouTube video on the “”fuel of the future.””